Gateway to The Rhine

Cologne (Köln) will always hold a special place in my heart being the birthplace of my father, but in many other ways it is truly a special place.

Gateway to the river Rhine: Below Cologne the river is less interesting in terms of scenery and history.  The countryside has flattened out and we move in to the industrial heartland of western Germany.  Above Cologne the river starts to move in to hilly areas, industrial areas become smaller and we start to move in to the historical Rhine.  The view is now mainly of steep hillsides covered with vineyards most with a castle on top.  Full of history and legend, stories of feuding brothers lobbing cannon balls from hilltop castle to hill top castle and beautiful maidens luring unwary river captains to destructions on rapids and shallows.


Cologne is full of history too.  The first settlers – pre Roman – left just a  little behind to tell the tale but from Roman times there is a wealth of evidence that Cologne ( Colonia Claudia Ara Agrippinensium) was the pre-eminent city of the Roman Empire in the area.  The Roman – German museum in the centre of the city is a must see (closed on Mondays by the way) and there are a number of semi-hidden Roman ruins arounds the city that can be accessed via the basements of office blocks.

Moving in to later times the main historical monument of the city is Cologne Cathedral (Kӧlner Dom) a ‘World Heritage Site’.  The Cathedral took hundreds of years to build (work started in 1248 and it was finally completed in 1880.  Hit 14 times by bombs in the WWII the Cathedral survived – the only building in the central area to survive in a city that was more than 90% flattened.  This is even more remarkable considering the proximity to the central rail station and the main Rhine bridges.

Cologne Cathedral at Night
Cologne Cathedral at night

Since the war Cologne has been rebuilt with many of the central areas having been restored in the former style thanks to forward thinking city planners.

The Cathedral precinct forms the centre of the city with the main museums and concert house.  Leading from here in one direction is the city’s main shopping ‘drag’ and in the other the way opening to parks on both sides of the Rhine.

A long climb to the top of one of the Cathedrals twin towers may tax the muscles but will be worth the view of the city laid out before you.  Get your bearings from here and make this area your base.

There are many hotels to suite all budgets in the immediate city centre area, from the 5 star Excelsior Hotel Ernst and Dom Hotel though 4 and 3 star properties to budget hotels along the river front.

Brauhaus Fruh Cologne
Brauhaus Früh Biergarten

Restaurants abound with food styles reflecting Germanys multicultural present.  However, a visit would not be the same without at least a drink in one of the city’s historical ‘brauhaus’ such as Früh.

Serving the local beer, Kӧlsch, at stripped pine tables alongside decent pub food and some of the local traditional dishes. Around the corner from the Cathedral, Früh is open from breakfast till late at night.  It is typical of Clogne’s ‘Brahaus’ culture with waiters known as ‘köbes’ in traditional uniforms.

Another pastime that you must not miss is the traditional Kaffee und Küchen, litteraly coffee and cake.  Especially try Café Richard, again situated next to the Cathedral, it is a Cologne institution – watch the world go by and add a couple of inches to your waistline with a traditional German cream cake.

A good time to visit is towards the end of May when the Wine Week takes place.  The squares are filled with stalls where you can sample the wares of the many wine merchants based along the Rhine.

Christmas and Carnival

Cologne is famous for its Christmas markets.  Arguably the best place for Christmas markets in Germany they are spread around the main shopping area and in the various squares in the Altstadt (Old Town) culminating, once again, in the area around the Cathedral.

Carnival is another tradition that Cologne is famous for.  The period running up to Lent is a time for celebrating.  You will see many of the locals dressed in different uniforms representing the different Guilds of the Hanseatic period.  Never ones to shy away from the odd Kӧlsch or three, the locals really celebrate in the run up to the main event of the period – the carnival procession through town.

Things to buy:  In addition to taking a few bottles of Kӧlsch away with you there are a number of local products that always do well: Kӧlnisch Wasser, what we know of as Eau de Cologne started life here (the name gives it away!).  The original with the brand name of 4711 gets its name from the number written on the wall of the factory by French soldiers of Napoleonic times when they were billeted in Cologne.

Chocolate is always a good bet.  Go and visit the Chocolate Museum in the old Chocolate factory, now owned by Lindt, it is a great place to add to your stocks! (Or at least taste from the chocolate fountain at the end of the museum!)

Getting there:  You can fly in to Cologne Bonn airport or Dusseldorf Airport.  Both airports have easy access straight to the centre of Cologne.  The journey time from Dusseldorf by train from Airport station to Cologne Central station being just 30 minutes or so.

Flights from the UK are from London and regional airports using British Airways, flybe, EasyJet and Lufthansa to name a few.

As an alternative, why not take a Rhine Cruise.  Most cruises stop in Cologne overnight and you will have plenty of time for the main sights and to imbibe a Kӧlsch or 3!


All the flights and flight-inclusive holidays on this Website are financially protected by the ATOL scheme. When you pay you will be supplied with an ATOL Certificate where appropriate. Please ask for it and check to ensure that everything you booked (flights, hotels and other services) is listed on it. Please see our booking conditions for further information or for more information about financial protection and the ATOL Certificate go to:


Brilliant Travel and TwitTwoo are trading names of Barrhead Travel Service Ltd. Registered in Scotland with the registered number 57208. VAT No 264 9079 28.Registered Office 190-194 Main Street, Barrhead, Glasgow G78 1SL

Disclaimer: Unless stated, TwitTwoo does not claim ownership of any intellectual property such as logos, images or video content based on If such content is sourced on this website that may infringe on your copyright, contact TwitTwoo staff for a removal in which we will promptly comply.